On-Site Ultrasonography

On-Site Ultrasonography

Ultrasound is an invaluable instrument in the detection of abnormalities in our pets. It non-invasively provides a detailed and very accurate look inside the abdomen and heart, detecting even small changes well before other tests such as x-rays or blood tests would. It is important to note that not all ultrasound equipment is considered equal. We invested in equipment from GE, world leaders in human and veterinary ultrasonography.

The list of uses for medical ultrasound is extremely long, however common uses include pregnancy checks, examination of the urinary bladder (for stones, crystals, infection, cancer, and more), examination of the kidneys (for infection, congenital defects, cancer, stones, and more), liver (for various forms of liver disease, cancer, gall bladder disease or stones, and more), and the list goes on and on. Our veterinarian has gone through extensive training to be able to provide this service to you right here in our hospital, the moment your pet needs it.

Organs can be sampled with ultrasound guidance, as illustrated below, allowing the diagnosis and treatment of many organ diseases without invasive procedures such as surgical biopsies.

Case Studies

Even in the short period of time that our clinic has been opened, we have already had many patients that we’ve been able to help with the use of our ultrasound, allowing us to get much needed answers for our clients and their beloved pets. Below are a few examples.

Lucky – 2 Year Old Shih-Tzu

Lucky presented to us with lethargy, weight loss, and anorexia. In-house blood tests performed immediately revealed significantly abnormal changes to kidney values. To characterize what type of kidney disease was present, an abdominal ultrasound was recommended. This is because many disease processes can cause changes in blood tests, including cancer, kidney failure, toxins, dehydration and more.

Unfortunately, Lucky was found to have renal dysplasia based on ultrasound findings. Renal dysplasia refers to the improper development of kidneys that is often a genetic abnormality, particularly in this breed. Sadly, there is no cure for this particular disease, but it can be managed with appropriate diet and medications. Ultrasound allowed us to immediately determine a reason for the elevated kidney enzymes on blood tests, and allowed us to avoid further unnecessary and potentially expensive testing.

Ultrasound image from McQueen Animal Hospital, a vet clinic in Brampton This is an image of the right kidney, showing very abnormal architecture, shape and size.

Ultrasound image of renal dysplasia from McQueen Animal Hospital, a vet clinic in Brampton This is an image of the left kidney, showing similar changes that were noted in the right kidney.

Ultrasound image of a normal kidney, performed at McQueen Animal Hospital, a vet clinic in Brampton Compare this image of a normal dog kidney to the image above – notice the clear distinction between the brighter outer later (the cortex) and the inner darker layer (the medulla). With renal dysplasia, the whole kidney is abnormally bright.

Lola – 8 Year Old Labrador Retriever

Lola presented to us after being treated by another veterinary hospital. There, Lola had blood tests done which led them to thinking she had an endocrine disease called Cushing’s, where the adrenal glands produce excessive amounts of the stress hormone, cortisol. Because Lola lacked some of the clinical signs we expect for this disease, an abdominal ultrasound was recommended to rule out other diseases, or rule in Cushing’s.

This turned out to be an excellent recommendation, as Lola’s adrenal glands appeared perfectly normal on ultrasound. While the majority of her liver appeared perfectly normal, we found a relatively large 4 cm mass that we could locate specifically to the tip of her right liver lobe. The ultrasound images suggested a benign tumor, with no metastasis (spreading) to any other organs, or any other part of the liver. Surgery was therefore recommended. Lola went to surgery to have part of her right liver lobe removed. Fortunately for her, this came back as suspected – a benign hepatoma. Even though it is benign, in that it won’t spread to other organs, left untreated this mass would continue to expand into normal liver tissue, eventually causing complications such as potential bleeding, liver failure, pain, and more. Because we found it in its early stages, Lola’s surgery was very straight forward, and she only needed to lose a small piece of her liver.

Ultrasound image of a hepatoma from an ultrasound done at McQueen Animal Hospital, a vet clinic in Brampton This image shows the circular mass attached right at the tip of her right liver lobe.

Ultrasound image of a liver hepatoma from an ultrasound done at McQueen Animal Hospital, a vet clinic in Brampton With the guidance of the ultrasound, we were able to not only measure the tumor, but to identify very specifically where it was located, and that it had not spread anywhere else.